Naturalist’s Corner – Evergreens!

Naturalist’s Corner – Evergreens!

Posted December 25, 2019

Written by Kyla Isakson

For some people, the holiday season includes baking, shopping, spending time with family, and putting up a decorative tree. Have you ever wondered where those trees come from or wanted to know more about them?

Eastern white pine trees (Pinus strobus) are very tall conifers (up to 150 feet) that produce cones. This species is native to the Eastern and Midwest regions of the United States, and they have a widespread distribution in MA. These trees are typically used for timber, as Christmas and ornamental trees, and as a source of food and shelter for more than 20 animal species. Eastern white pine trees are known for their needles, which are found in clusters of five.

Scotch pine trees (Pinus sylvestris) are also tall conifers (up to 100 feet). This species was introduced in the United States from Europe, and is typically found in the Northeast and Midwest regions. These trees are popular Christmas trees, and they are used for timber and as food and shelter for small birds and mammals. Scotch pine trees have two-needle clusters.

Balsam fir trees (Abies balsamea) are relatively short conifers (40-90 feet). This species is also native to the Northeast and Midwest regions of the U.S., and they are fairly widespread in MA. Balsam fir trees are also popular Christmas trees, and they are a major food source for moose and red squirrels. The large amount of resin produced by the bark and needles makes Balsam fir trees very fragrant.

Check out our properties to see if you can identify these or any other wonderful trees!

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